TinyPICO

A tiny, mighty ESP32 development board

Source : https://www.crowdsupply.com/unexpected-maker/tinypico

TinyPICO is the world’s smallest, fully-featured ESP32 development board, designed to give you access to the power of the ESP32’s dual core 240 MHz processor and internet connectivity, all in a package smaller than your thumb!

Why We Made TinyPICO

There are quite a few ESP32 boards on the market, but they all require you to compromise on one or more features. Some don’t have on-board battery management, while some do but they don’t have low deep sleep current. Others have great low-power modes, but are large and not breadboard-friendly, and none of them have extra RAM unless you go for a more expensive and larger WROVER-powered board.

We just weren’t happy with the status quo – we wanted to have our cake and eat it too!

So we designed the smallest un-compromising ESP32 development board in the world, and then went a step further and gave it 4 MB of extra RAM, an on-board RGB LED, and more juice with a 700 mA 3.3 V regulator. Then we made some shields for it.

Until you hold it in your hand, you really can’t appreciate just how small the TinyPICO is.

Features & Specifications

  • Processing:
    • 32-bit dual-core processor operating at 240 MHz
    • 4 MB SPI flash
    • 4 MB extra PSRAM
  • Wireless:
    • 2.4 GHz Wi-Fi – 802.11b/g/n
    • Bluetooth BLE 4.2
    • 3D antenna
  • Power:
    • 700 mA 3.3 V LDO regulator
    • Optimised power path for low-power battery usage
    • LiPo battery management
    • Battery pads on the bottom support both JST PH & MicroBlade connectors (included unassembled with every TinyPICO)
    • Power (red) & charge (orange) LEDs
  • Form-factor:
    • Breadboard-friendly
    • Oh, it’s tiny! Just 18 mm x 32 mm
  • Connectivity:
    • 14x GPIO broken out to standard pitch headers
    • USB + serial/UART for programming
    • APA102 RGB LED
  • Control:
    • MicroPython pre-installed
    • Supports Arduino IDE
    • Supports Espressif IDF
    • Lots of example code and libraries

Pinout Diagram

Development Platforms & Software Documentation

TinyPICO ships with mainline MicroPython pre-installed and supports Arduino IDE and Espressif IDF, so you have the flexibility to code the way you want.

We have been working hard behind the scenes on MicroPython and Arduino C++ helper libraries for TinyPICO as well as collecting and even writing MicroPython libraries for all the hardware we use on our shields.

We have basic coding examples on our TinyPICO website and all of our libraries are being added to the TinyPICO GitHub repository.

Optimised Power Paths & Deep Sleep Current

TinyPICO has been designed with two isolated power paths: a 5 V path and a 3.3 V path. Any components that are not needed for operation via battery or via the 3.3 V power pin are isolated within the 5 V power path, and are totally shut down when no USB cable is plugged in.

In-fact, even the power & charge LEDs are shutdown when no 5 V power source is present.

Deep sleep has been optimised for all development platforms, and though we have seen it go as low as 10 uA, our official current rating in deep sleep is 18 uA.

Note: TinyPICO includes an on-board APA102 RGB LED that has a quiescent current of 1 mA.

Thankfully we have a solution for deep sleep. GPIO13 controls the power to the APA102 using a PNP transistor via a high-side switch, so taking GPIO13 high shuts down power to the APA102. It’s essential to do this before going into deep sleep to ensure the lowest current draw possible.

In MicroPython, it’s also required to shutdown GPIO2 and GPIO12 (DATA and CLK for the APA102) as MicroPython uses IDLE HIGH as the default clock state, so you can get current leakage via the CLK or DATA, even with no power to the APA102 directly. We have created some helper functions for you in our TinyPICO MicroPython helper library to make this easy.

Open Source

We love open source hardware! Seon started his electronics journey digging through schematics and board layout files from the likes of Adafruit, Sparkfun, and many others, and it’s only fitting that we now gave back to the community by making TinyPICO fully open source.

All hardware is released under the CERN open hardware license, so please make yourself familiar with it before you decide to fork or use the files.

All software is released under the MIT open software license, so again, please make yourself familiar with it before you decide to fork or use the files.

All of the design files for the TinyPICO and all of the shields shown here are available from the TinyPICO GitHub repository

Author:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.